Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep),[1] typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.[2] It is one of the fastest growing plants[3] and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago.[4] It can be refined into a variety of commercial items including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.[5][6]

Textile expert Elizabeth Wayland Barber summarizes the historical evidence that Cannabis sativa, "grew and was known in the Neolithic period all across the northern latitudes, from Europe (Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Romania, Ukraine) to East Asia (Tibet and China)," but, "textile use of Cannabis sativa does not surface for certain in the West until relatively late, namely the Iron Age."[111] "I strongly suspect, however, that what catapulted hemp to sudden fame and fortune as a cultigen and caused it to spread rapidly westwards in the first millennium B.C. was the spread of the habit of pot-smoking from somewhere in south-central Asia, where the drug-bearing variety of the plant originally occurred. The linguistic evidence strongly supports this theory, both as to time and direction of spread and as to cause."[112]

Mana Artisan Botanics helps men and women make better choices about their health and wellness. The company, based in Hawaii, sources its products from sun-grown hemp that is free from pesticides and other harmful substances that can lead to other side effects. A few of the main ingredients that the brand often uses in its products include honey, cinnamon, turmeric, and vanilla. The products also include massage oils, tinctures, and honey.
Separation of hurd and bast fiber is known as decortication. Traditionally, hemp stalks would be water-retted first before the fibers were beaten off the inner hurd by hand, a process known as scutching. As mechanical technology evolved, separating the fiber from the core was accomplished by crushing rollers and brush rollers, or by hammer-milling, wherein a mechanical hammer mechanism beats the hemp against a screen until hurd, smaller bast fibers, and dust fall through the screen. After the Marijuana Tax Act was implemented in 1938, the technology for separating the fibers from the core remained "frozen in time". Recently, new high-speed kinematic decortication has come about, capable of separating hemp into three streams; bast fiber, hurd, and green microfiber.
For this ranking update, we also looked at whether companies are providing third-party lab tests for their products post-formulation or if they’re just testing the source isolate or CBD extract which goes into all their products. Nobody can test every single bottle of product, but samples of each product can be tested for cannabinoid potency at a minimum.
In 2017, the cultivated area for hemp in the Prairie provinces include Saskatchewan with more than 56,000 acres (23,000 ha), Alberta with 45,000 acres (18,000 ha), and Manitoba with 30,000 acres (12,000 ha).[86] Canadian hemp is cultivated mostly for its food value as hulled hemp seeds, hemp oils and hemp protein powders, with only a small fraction devoted to production of hemp fiber used for construction and insulation.[86]
They operate their own hemp farms in Kentucky and Colorado as well as their own lab and product facilities. Customers appreciate their dedication to making quality products at affordable prices. It’s also great to see a company that’s willing to stand behind their products by offering a 30-day money-back guarantee if you’re dissatisfied for any reason.
Most products labeled “hemp oil” do not contain any CBD. Those are typically hemp seed oil which are more commonly used for cooking or to make salad dressing. If you’re wanting to buy CBD oil, you’ll want to look for products that are labelled “CBD oil” or “hemp extract.” To confirm that a product you’re interested in has CBD in it, you’ll want to look at their third party lab reports. All reputable companies selling CBD oil products will make third party lab reports available to you to confirm the presence of CBD.

The etymology is uncertain but there appears to be no common Proto-Indo-European source for the various forms of the word; the Greek term kánnabis is the oldest attested form, which may have been borrowed from an earlier Scythian or Thracian word.[10][11] Then it appears to have been borrowed into Latin, and separately into Slavic and from there into Baltic, Finnish, and Germanic languages.[12] Following Grimm's law, the "k" would have changed to "h" with the first Germanic sound shift,[10][13] after which it may have been adapted into the Old English form, hænep. However, this theory assumes that hemp was not widely spread among different societies until after it was already being used as a psychoactive drug, which Adams and Mallory (1997) believe to be unlikely based on archaeological evidence.[10] Barber (1991) however, argued that the spread of the name "kannabis" was due to its historically more recent drug use, starting from the south, around Iran, whereas non-THC varieties of hemp are older and prehistoric.[12] Another possible source of origin is Assyrian qunnabu, which was the name for a source of oil, fiber, and medicine in the 1st millennium BC.[12]


Most products labeled “hemp oil” do not contain any CBD. Those are typically hemp seed oil which are more commonly used for cooking or to make salad dressing. If you’re wanting to buy CBD oil, you’ll want to look for products that are labelled “CBD oil” or “hemp extract.” To confirm that a product you’re interested in has CBD in it, you’ll want to look at their third party lab reports. All reputable companies selling CBD oil products will make third party lab reports available to you to confirm the presence of CBD.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating molecule found in the cannabis plant. It is one of many cannabinoids that can be extracted from the cannabis plant but it has become commercially popular beyond the others due to its wide medical applications and accessibility. As CBD does not give the consumer the famous high that psychoactive cannabis (“marijuana”) is known for, it is more readily available online and in shops. It is usually derived from hemp, the name given to cannabis plants with less than 0.3% THC which can be mass grown for CBD oil.

Hemp plants can be vulnerable to various pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, nematodes, viruses and other miscellaneous pathogens. Such diseases often lead to reduced fiber quality, stunted growth, and death of the plant. These diseases rarely affect the yield of a hemp field, so hemp production is not traditionally dependent on the use of pesticides.
CBD is suddenly everywhere — and it’s not hard to see why. It won’t get you high, has a good safety profile, and naturally treats dozens of conditions. But there’s a dizzying amount of choice out there, so we’ve ranked the 20 best CBD oils to help you get started. Whether you’re a rank beginner, or you’ve been experimenting with CBD for a while, we’ve got you covered.
Buying online is less reliable still because there’s no regulation or standardization. What you see on the label may not be what you are getting. A 2017 study in JAMA found that of the 84 CBD products researchers bought online, 43% had more CBD than indicated, while 26% had less, and some had unexpected THC. “There’s a 75% chance of getting a product where the CBD is mislabeled,” says Marcu, one of the study’s coauthors.
Hemp Bombs is based in Tampa, Florida, and in addition to focusing on the purity and therapeutic effectiveness of their products, are dedicated to establishing themselves as a top brand in the industry with a specific target audience. One of our personal favorite products of theirs is the flavored CBD vape liquids, which are some of the best-tasting CBD vape juices we’ve ever had.
Cannabis and alcohol both increase alpha and theta sleep and decrease delta sleep. Cannabis and alcohol inhibit delta sleep needed for the night time brain housekeeping duties and increase luteinizing hormone so core body temperature does not drop for brain cells to shrink for 60% more space between brain cells for the cerebral spinal fluid to wash out toxins. Since pot inhibits delta sleep, it also inhibits growth hormone and also dehydrates you, so klotho is reduced. Cannabis causes kidney stones by reduced klotho. Klotho is anti tumor, anti dementia, inhibits arteriosclerosis, osteoporosis, and skin atrophy, so since cannabis inhibits klotho, aging is increased. Cannibis decreases sex hormones, increases stress hormones, impairs fertility, inhibits copulation, reduces oxytocin-the love and protection hormone.
Companies tend to label whether their CBD products are full spectrum or isolate. Sometimes a full spectrum product may be labeled as an “extract.” We’ve seen a lot of companies label their oil as a “hemp extract.” This is implying that they extracted the chemical compounds from the plant. Sometimes they specify the CBD potency, other times they don’t and they just note the amount of extract there is in the oil. Ten milligrams of hemp extract is different than ten milligrams of CBD. If you’re ever unclear about what it is you’re buying, reach out to the manufacturers. The best manufacturers will have helpful and speedy customer service. The superb manufacturers will also lab test their products and provide you with a copy of these lab results. Don’t be afraid to ask. CBD oil is an investment and the companies need to earn your trust!
“This is my first cbd oil I tried. Within a few minutes, I can feel my body started relax. It felt like every single cell of my body relaxed before my mind. I got this for anxiety, and relaxation of mind came later. I don’t recommend taking it before driving because it made me so sleepy. I can now sleep through the night without waking up. I didn’t realize how tense my body was until I started taking this. I am calm and don’t feel much anxiety any more. I love it!“
However, if it was sourced from actual marijuana (i.e. cannabis that contains more than 2% THC by volume), then it is technically illegal. Most of the best CBD oils for pain that you find in dispensaries in states like Colorado, California, and Washington (as well as other states where weed is legal) will have been extracted from marijuana plants — not industrial hemp plants. Unfortunately, this means that these products are not allowed to be sold online and shipped across state lines to “non-legal” states.
The reason for the low THC content in hemp is that most THC is formed in resin glands on the buds and flowers of the female cannabis plant. Industrial hemp is not cultivated to produce buds, and therefore lacks the primary component that forms the marijuana high. Furthermore, industrial hemp has higher concentrations of a chemical called Cannabidiol (CBD) that has a negative effect on THC and lessens its psychoactive effects when smoked in conjunction. 
Full spectrum CBD oil products have the advantage of containing many different cannabinoids and terpenes and the potential for a wider health reach. A recent study indicated the synergistic effects of a full spectrum CBD oil were superior to an isolate in the effective treatment of inflammatory conditions. Terpenes alone have shown incredible potential for human health and should not be disregarded.

If the information on the official website is anything to go by, Green Roads indeed screens a multitude of compounds during their testing. Apart from testing for heavy metals, residual solvents, microbial contaminants, and other toxins, the company also looks for cannabinoids and terpenes individually. While there is no denying that Green Roads has firmly cemented its position as a leader in the CBD oil circles, the source of its hemp isn’t apparent.
CBD oil can treat physiological problems. Repeated research shows that’s the oil makes a brilliant addition to a mental health treatment regimen for conditions such as anxiety. A study carried out the University of Sao Paulo suggests that CBD lowers subjective anxiety considerately by affecting the activity in paralimbic and limbic areas of the brain.
Hemp is considered by a 1998 study in Environmental Economics to be environmentally friendly due to a decrease of land use and other environmental impacts, indicating a possible decrease of ecological footprint in a US context compared to typical benchmarks.[65] A 2010 study, however, that compared the production of paper specifically from hemp and eucalyptus concluded that "industrial hemp presents higher environmental impacts than eucalyptus paper"; however, the article also highlights that "there is scope for improving industrial hemp paper production".[66] Hemp is also claimed to require few pesticides and no herbicides, and it has been called a carbon negative raw material.[67][68] Results indicate that high yield of hemp may require high total nutrient levels (field plus fertilizer nutrients) similar to a high yielding wheat crop.[69]
However, if it was sourced from actual marijuana (i.e. cannabis that contains more than 2% THC by volume), then it is technically illegal. Most of the best CBD oils for pain that you find in dispensaries in states like Colorado, California, and Washington (as well as other states where weed is legal) will have been extracted from marijuana plants — not industrial hemp plants. Unfortunately, this means that these products are not allowed to be sold online and shipped across state lines to “non-legal” states.
Sarah Jorczyk is an advocate for CBD products and one of the Administrators of the CBD Oil Users Group on Facebook. She strives to educate the public, and promotes the use of safe products while helping others throughout their CBD journey. You can also find a variety of her content, including reviews and educational videos, on the group's youtube page.

However, cannabidiol as an anxiety reducer has almost none of these issues. One study had participants who took either 600 mg of CBD or a placebo drug. In a speaking test that followed, the group which underwent CBD oil treatment showed less anxiety. They also had a smaller degree of cognitive impairment and felt less discomfort overall as they spoke. In other words, their results were better than those of the placebo group.


These are the most common in the market. Tinctures are a perfect choice if you’re looking for CBD in its purest form. Some tinctures have flavors that make them more comfortable and more enjoyable to consume. Tinctures come with a dropper so that you can place some drop under your tongue. Dosage ranges from 100g to 1,000g depending on the reason for the taking the oil.
In case you’re not super familiar with these three letters, here's a quick breakdown: Short for cannabidiol, CBD is a cannabis compound that has significant health and wellness benefits without any of the psychoactive or euphoric properties often associated with marijuana. It’s legal in all 50 states, and it comes in many forms, from topical tinctures, lotions, and salves, to ingestible gummy bears, brownies, and other edible treats.
Scott Shannon, M.D., assistant clinical professor at the University of Colorado, recently sifted through patient charts from his four-doctor practice to document CBD’s effects on anxiety. His study, as yet unpublished, found “a fairly rapid decrease in anxiety scores that appears to persist for months,” he says. But he says he can’t discount a placebo effect, especially since “there’s a lot of hype right now.”
The most popular of them all at the moment is cannabidiol oil, or more commonly known as CBD oil. With so many new and different CBD oil products available, the choice of which one to go with can be difficult and confusing. With terms like whole plant extract, full spectrum, broad spectrum and isolate. This article will break down the difference between two terms you’ll commonly see, full spectrum CBD oil and CBD oil isolate, in order to help make your decisions easier.
Regarding your comment on CBD and colitis or inflammatory bowel disease. Immune cells patrol the gut to ensure that harmful microbes hidden in the food we eat do not sneak into the body. Cells that are capable of triggering inflammation are balanced by cells that promote tolerance, protecting the body without damaging sensitive tissues. When the balance tilts too far toward inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease can result. Now, researchers have found that a kind of tolerance-promoting immune cell appears that carry a specific bacterium in guts called Lactobacillus reuteri that is the normal part of the gut microbiome, and tryptophan, part of a protein-rich diet, soothes the inflamed gut because it increases the development of a population of immune cells that promote tolerance. Further, the bacterium needs tryptophan — one of the building blocks of proteins — to trigger the cells’ appearance, and the more tryptophan in the diet to feed the gut bacterium, Lactobacillus reuteri, the more of these immune cells there are.
In fact, CBD is therapeutic in nature, and will work to manipulate bodily systems at the cellular level to return afflicted organ systems, tissue systems, and even chemical systems in the central nervous system back to a state of health and homeostasis. This is precisely why it has been capable of treating conditions such as depression and anxiety, to chronic physical ailments such as pain, inflammation, arthritis, and more.
The cannabis plant contains hundreds of different phytochemicals including cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds. Full spectrum CBD or hemp oil generally refers to products that not only contain CBD but contain the other plant molecules as well. This version of CBD oil is minimally refined, leaving most of the cannabinoids and terpenes intact and in the oil.
^ Jump up to: a b Deitch, Robert (2003). Hemp: American History Revisited: The Plant with a Divided History. Algora Publishing. pp. 4–26. ISBN 9780875862262. Retrieved 16 November 2013. Cannabis is ... a plant that played an important role in colonial America's prosperous economy and remained a valuable commercial commodity up until the Second World War.

Hempseed's amino acid profile is comparable to other sources of protein such as meat, milk, eggs and soy.[22] Protein digestibility-corrected amino acid scores (PDCAAS), which attempt to measure the degree to which a food for humans is a "complete protein", were 0.49–0.53 for whole hemp seed, 0.46–0.51 for hempseed meal, and 0.63–0.66 for hulled hempseed.[23]
Tinctures: Tinctures are another popular way to use CBD, likely because you can easily gauge exactly how much cannabidiol you are ingesting, like CBD oil. A tincture is usually extracted with alcohol or another solvent. With a tincture, you use a dropper and place the drops under your tongue. Sometimes, manufacturers will use carrier oils, natural flavors or fatty oils in their tinctures.
The human body is made up of the Endogenous Cannabinoid System (ECS) which is responsible for the synaptic plasticity, neuromodulation, and development of the central nervous system and the peripheral system. The ECS consists of cannabinoid receptors among other substances that respond to the intake of different cannabinoid substances. The receptors can be found in various parts of the body. There are over 65 molecular targets of Cannabidiol in the human body. These target locations and receptors allow CBD oil to deliver its therapeutic benefits to the individual without any need to worry about any euphoric effect (caused by THC). For CBD to properly function, it is necessary that it is the important substance in any CBD based product; the higher the concentration of CBD in a product, the better your chances of enjoying its maximum benefits.
The results “suggest CBD to be a potential treatment for nicotine addiction,” the study authors wrote—but they also admit that their findings are preliminary. Ryan Vandrey, PhD, a cannabis researcher and associate professor of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University (who was not involved in the 2013 study), agrees that larger, longer-term studies are needed to know if CBD might be helpful for smokers looking to kick the habit.
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